Resilience – a new and an old term that incorporates a number of different elements, depending on the understanding that one has about it.

Resilience – this is the ability of a traumatized person to develop and grow in very difficult conditions, in order to be able to start again and recover.

This is a relatively new theory that in the last few decades has led to the helping work with children and youths worldwide. At its base lies positivism – this is the positive adaptation in extremely difficult circumstances.

The factors for resilience are good attitude, good capacity for active facing of the problems, ability for creating good inter-personal relationships, recognized competence in a specific area by the children themselves and by the surrounding people.

Resilience is not a one-time action, it is a process – a person could experience it in a given area, but could fail in another. Resilience is a biological, psycho-active, social, and cultural process that allows for new development after a period of trauma. The achievement of resilience cannot be sensed immediately, normally some years pass before it could be really established that the overcoming of the trauma is indeed integrated and the person could continue with his/her life.

The Social Activities and Practices Institute is a pioneer in introducing the resilience approach in social work in Bulgaria.