Safeguards for victims and recognition of the victims with specific protection needs

Safeguards for victims and recognition of the victims with specific protection needs

Directive 2012/29/EC for establishment the minimum standards of the rights, support and protection of victims of crime requires the changing of existing practices in the participation of victims in legal proceedings to ensure:

o The rights of information and support the victim of the Trustee.

o Protect the victim from secondary or repeated victimization, intimidation and pressure at every stage of justice.

o Getting the individual assessment to identify specific protection needs and measures in the course of criminal proceedings where the victim is a child or other vulnerable victim status;

o Reducing the number of interrogations and reduce them to a minimum;

o Reduce and limit the number of different persons who ask victim the same things during the interrogation.

o Ensure a friendly environment, consistent with the characteristics and needs when the victim is a child or with other vulnerable victim status;

o Ensure technical capabilities the interrogation to be recorded and used for the production of all persons at different stages.

o Adapted approach to the characteristics of the victim and it’s needs: a specific methodology, a  professional who participates and supports questioning the victim and it’s trained for this;

Higher level of security and protection of victim during the interrogation, includes: assessing the risk of loyalty conflict, where appropriate presence and participation of representative / trusted person during the interview, as well as limiting the direct visibility between the perpetrator and the victim;

o Ensure the right of psycho-social support and rehabilitation.