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Integrated Approach to Child Victims or Witnesses of Domestic Violence Centred around the Child’s Needs and Best Interests
Integrated Approach to Child Victims or Witnesses of Domestic Violence Centred around the Child’s Needs and Best Interests Domestic violence prevention requires joint work on the part of various institutions both because of the fact that children are always a victim of such violence, no matter whether it is directly targeting them or not, and because children are highly vulnerable to secondary victimisation, and also because it is precisely via children that the vicious circle of violence could be broken. Thanks to the efforts of government and non-government social, education, justice, health, cultural, etc. structures, there is serious progress in these joint actions. Equally, this joint work, being based on different and general provisions, still does not always clearly define the objectives towards child wellbeing. Sometimes the routine, understanding the interests of the respective institution, the institutional hierarchy, the shortage of professionalisation, among others, lead to general or single interventions that deteriorate rather than improve some children’s situation. The purpose of these guidelines is to support the training activities targeting the main institutional and community players who intervene in cases of domestic violence involving child victims or witnesses of violence so that these players’ interventions are centred around meeting children’s needs and corresponding to their best interests. These guidelines rest on the principles of interinstitutional interaction and multidisciplinary approach, child-centred integrated approach, training of all professionals dealing with children, meaningful participation of children and parents in the joint work of institutions.